Golomb, Eliyahu

(1893-1945)
   Born in Volkovysk, Russia, he immigrated (see ALIYA) to Palestine as a youth and graduated from Her-zliya High School. He served with the Jewish Legion of British forces in Palestine during World War I and was active in the Zionist Labor Movement, serving as Mapai's chief spokesman on defense matters. One of the founders of the Hagana in 1921, he was a member of its Command Council and its informal leader until his death. In the 1920s and 1930s, he directed clandestine arms procurement operations for the Yishuv in contravention of the policies of the British mandatory authority. Together with Shaul Avigur and Berl Katznelson, Golomb participated in the foundation, organization, and financing of the Hagana's program of illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine (Aliya Bet) in 1938—10. He led Hagana activities and development during the Arab Revolt (1936-39), encouraging enlistment in the Jewish settlement policy and in the British army during World War II in order to lay a legal basis for the strengthening and improvement of the Hagana. In addition, he was an early advocate of Jewish air power and the establishment in 1940 of the Hehalutz flight school in the United States. Golomb died in Tel Aviv. His home in Tel Aviv was subsequently turned into the Hagana museum and archives, known as Beit Eliyahu.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • GOLOMB, ELIYAHU — (1893–1945), leader of Jewish defense in Palestine and main architect of the haganah . Born in Volkovysk, Belorussia, Golomb went to Ereẓ Israel in 1909 and was a pupil in the Herzlia High School s first graduating class of 1913. He organized his …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Golomb, Eliyahu — (1893–1945)    Haganah leader. Golomb came to Palestine from Russia at the age of sixteen, and after graduating from the Herzliah Gymnazia in Tel Aviv, went to work in Degania. In 1918 he joined the Jewish Legion in the British army, and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Golomb, Eliyahu — (1893 1945)    Palestinian Zionist. He was born in Belorussia and settled in Palestine in 1909. At the outbreak of World War I he helped to form an independent Jewish defence force. From 1921 he was a member of the Haganah Committee of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eliyahu Golomb — (1893 1945) was the leader of the Jewish defense effort in Mandate Palestine and chief architect of the Haganah, the underground military organization for defense of the Yishuv between 1920 and 1948. Early lifeEliyahu Golomb came to Palestine,… …   Wikipedia

  • David Golomb — Date of birth 4 February 1933 (1933 02 04) (age 78) Place of birth Tel Aviv, Mandate Palestine …   Wikipedia

  • Nir Eliyahu — Founded 1950 Council Drom HaSharon Region Sharon plain Affiliat …   Wikipedia

  • Yad Eliyahu — ( he. יד אליהו) is a neighborhood in the south east part of Tel Aviv, Israel. The neighborhood was established in 1945 mainly for british army veterans, especially from the local population. It is named after the Hagana leader Eliyahu Golomb. The …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli military decorations — The Israeli Military decorations are the decorations awarded to soldiers in the Israel Defense Forces who exhibit extraordinary bravery and courage. Its decorations consist of the Medal of Valor (the highest decoration in the IDF), the Medal of… …   Wikipedia

  • Etzel — Irgoun Un logo de l’Irgoun : un fusil brandi devant une carte des territoires revendiqués par l’organisation : les actuels Israël, territoires palestiniens, ainsi que la Jordanie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Etziel — Irgoun Un logo de l’Irgoun : un fusil brandi devant une carte des territoires revendiqués par l’organisation : les actuels Israël, territoires palestiniens, ainsi que la Jordanie …   Wikipédia en Français

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